Listening EXTRA, page 106
Exersice 1 LISTENING 3
Daniel I'm having an amazing time here in the Brazilian rainforest. We
arrived from Macapa two weeks ago. There are ten students and we are
staying with families in the village. We're helping to build a new school. And
we're trying to study Portuguese, but it isn't easy!
Christine I'm here in Cape Town, South Africa. I'm staying with my aunt
and uncle. I'm working at a school in one of the townships outside the city.
I teach English to young children. They are very poor, but they are always
laughing. It's hard work, but the children are wonderful.
Thomas I live in London and I'm working in an old people's home in the city
centre. There are fifty people living here. Some of them are quite sick. I help
them read their letters, books and newspapers. I also help at mealtimes, and
take people out for walks. It's hard work, but very rewarding.
Exercise 1 LISTENING 7
It all started in 1980, in a pub in Wales. Two men were having an argument about an unusual topic: one of them was saying that humans were faster than horses over a long distance, in a cross-country race. The other man was insisting that horses were much faster than humans. Who was right? They couldn't agree. Well, the owner of the pub - a man called Gordon Green - heard the argument and decided to find out the answer... by organizing a race between people and horses!
The first race took place in the same year - 1980 - and the 'man versus horse marathon' became a regular yearly event. (In fact, the course is only 35 km long, so it isn't actually a marathon.) The competitors were men, women ... and horses. For the first few years, a horse always won the race.
In 1985, a new rule allowed cyclists to take part as well and although a horse won the race that year too, it only just beat Jacquie Phelan, a champion cyclist from the USA. In 1989, British cyclist Tim Gould beat the first horse by three minutes. This was the first time that a human won the event.
The first human to win the race on foot was Huw Lobb. In 2004, he completed the course in 2 hours, 5 minutes and 19 seconds. He won £25,000. That year there were 500 human competitors and 40 horses. The only other year a human won was in 2007. It seems that horses are faster than people after all.
A horse usually wins the 'man versus horse' marathon.
Exercise 2 LISTENING 7
Exercise 1 LISTENING 13
Speaker 1 I know it's a tradition, but I just think it's a really cruel activity. I'm glad that it's illegal now. To be honest, I think it's wrong. There are other hobbies you can do - there's no need to kill animals for fun.
Speaker 2 I live in a village in the country, and there's a long history of fox¬hunting there. It wasn't just the rich people - the upper classes - that did it. Everybody took part together. And it was good for the economy of this area. I think the ban is a shame.
Speaker 3 I think even before the ban, fox-hunting was losing its popularity. It's outdated, isn't it? I mean, I don't know any young people who liked it. So for me, the hunting ban is fine. I'm happy about it.
Speaker 4 Some people say fox-hunting is part of the countryside - you know, it's traditional - but I know a lot of farmers who are happy about the hunting ban. They say that fox hunts always caused a lot of damage to their fields and hedges, because the hunters rode their horses over them when they were chasing the fox.
Speaker 5 I didn't have a strong opinion about fox-hunting before the ban. But I get angry when I read about people who break the law and still go hunting. It's really important to respect the law. That's even more important than respecting a tradition.
1 illegal, cruel
2 upper class, economy
5 respect, law
Exercise 1 LISTENING 15
Jenny Hi, Ben. Are you going to watch the Oscars tonight? I want to know who wins best actor this year. Who do you think should win?
Ben Well, Jenny, I don't really know. I find it all a bit boring.
Jenny Really? I'm surprised. You love films. You go to the cinema all the time.
Ben I do love films, but I don't love the Oscars. They are all about big American blockbusters. I like them, but I also like European films.
Jenny Well, of course the Oscars is American. It's an American show. But I love it. I love the dresses, the glamour, the tears. It's fun! I'm not really into the awards.
Ben I prefer the Golden Globe Awards. I prefer the foreign journalists' choices of film.
Jenny Oh, OK. But come and watch the Oscars with me, anyway. Maybe your favourite film will win.
Ben Fine, let's watch it, then. But I'm not watching the beginning, when the stars arrive and show off their dresses.
1 F: Jenny loves watching the Oscars.
3 F: Ben likes them but he prefers European films.
4 F: Jenny loves the dresses and the glamour more than the awards.
Exercise 1 LISTENING 26
1 I use my phone all the time. I sometimes text, but I actually prefer to phone. In fact, some of my calls are really long. I've got a wireless headset and I walk down the street, talking to my friends. I know it looks silly, but I don't care. I like chatting. Fortunately, my phone contract gives me unlimited calls at the moment. Or it would cost a fortune. Oh, excuse me.. .Oh, hi, Jenny! I'm in town.. .yeah, that's right.
2 I really like mobile phones and I love having the latest model. I usually get a new phone every six months. At the moment, I've got the latest iPhone. It can do everything - texts, emails, games, music, videos.. .Do you want to see a video from my holiday.?
3 I love my phone. Obviously I use it for texting and phoning, but I also listen to a lot of music on it. I've got earphones for it. It's great. And I love all the different ringtones you can get. I change my ringtone every month - you just dial a number and download a new ringtone. It's easy. This is my ringtone at the moment. Listen.
4 My friends and I have all got mobiles, and we spend a lot of time texting each other. It's much cheaper than making voice calls. It costs about 10p to send a text message. It's also quicker. I'm quite fast. Look! [texting sounds] Wait a minute.. .There you are - Zoe's just answered.
Listening EXTRA, page 107
Exercise 1 LISTENING 32
1 This year I got more than one Valentine. Three, in fact. The best one was definitely from my boyfriend. He didn't write his name on it, but I recognized his handwriting. The next one was from my dad! It was a jokey one, and it was very funny. He didn't write his name either, but I know it was him.
The third one is a mystery. I've never had a secret Valentine before.
2 There's this girl I really like in my class. I'm quite shy when I speak to her, so she probably doesn't know that I like her. I'm not really into Valentine's Day and all that, but I sent her a card. In fact, it's the first Valentine's card I've sent. I didn't sign my name on the card, so she still doesn't know. I watched her in class yesterday. She showed my card to her friends. Then she looked at me and smiled. Did she guess the card was from me? I don't know.
3 I sent two Valentine's card this year - one was to a boy that I know. I spent a long time making it. Then I wrote a poem in it. I didn't want to buy a card. I wanted it to be different, because I really like him. I hope that he likes me too. He sometimes stops and talks to me. It's usually about homework or something. He didn't send me a Valentine though. The other one I sent was to my granddad!
4 There's this girl in the year below me who seems to like me a lot. The card I got might be from her. I think I know her handwriting. I feel terrible because I don't feel the same way about her. She's nice, but I only like her as a friend. I really like her sister, though. The card could be from her, but it probably isn't.
Exercise 1 LISTENING 36
Speaker 1 I don't think the council has the right to put computer chips in bins. I mean, what about privacy? It's terrible. It's like living in a police state! This is what happens when councils have too much power!
Speaker 2 Maybe putting computer chips in bins is a bit too much, but we have to do something. People just aren't recycling enough - so we need to educate them. The chips are just getting information, aren't they? If it helps people to be better citizens, then I think it's OK.
Speaker 3 I reckon this is just the first step. Next, they'll put computer chips in your home to see if you turn the lights out - and computer chips in your car to see if you're driving too fast. It's frightening! I hate the idea!
Speaker 4 I think it's a great idea. We all need to recycle - but some people refuse to do it - or they're too lazy. And who pays for their mistakes? Our children. And our grandchildren. This is important - we've only got one planet!
Speaker 5 I don't like the idea of computer chips in bins. How much can they find out about your rubbish? Can they see it? It's like somebody looking in your bin, isn't it? Nobody would like that. I'd feel embarrassed.
1 D 2 C 3 F 4 A 5 B
Exercise 1 LISTENING 40
Jesse James is the most famous American outlaw of the 19th century. He lived in Missouri, one of the southern states of the USA. It was a difficult time in America. There were black slaves working in the southern states, but not in the northern states. The northern states wanted to ban slavery, so the southern states decided to be independent. This became the American Civil War.
Jesse James was 14 when the war started. For four years the South fought against the North. Jesse James and his brother Frank fought for the South. There were lots of terrible battles and a lot of men died. The North finally won the war.
When the war ended, the new government punished the southern states. Jesse and Frank were angry at the injustice. They formed a gang of outlaws. The outlaws wanted to fight the government, so they robbed government banks and trains and stole money. But they killed people, too. The outlaws got a lot of sympathy from southern people. Some people said Jesse James was like Robin Hood. Finally, the government promised money to anyone who could catch Jesse. So a friend of his in the gang murdered him. He was just 35 when he died.
2 F: The northern states won the American Civil War.
4 F: They did murder people.