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UNIT 8 

8A Vocabulary and listening, Planet Earth, page 74

Exercise 2

1 tornado

2 avalanche

3 landslide

4 forest fire

5 volcanic eruption

6 drought

 

Exercise 4

1 water: avalanche, flood, hurricane, tsunami; no water: drought, famine

2 wind: forest fire, hurricane, tornado

3 very hot temperatures: drought, forest fire, volcanic eruption

4 rocks or earth moving: avalanche, earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption

 

Exercise 5

1 avalanche 

2 disease 

3 flood 

4 tsunami 

5 earthquake

6 volcanic eruption 

7 drought 

8 forest fire 

9 landslide

10 famine

 

Exercise 6

lasted 

reached 

left 

lost 

injured 

rescued

sent 

damaged 

10  destroyed

 

8В Grammar, Second conditional, page 75

Exercise 1

Olivia Wilde supports Power Up Gambia, a charity that provides solar energy for hospitals and health clinics in The Gambia.

 

Exercise 2

1 'If you went to hospital and there were no electricity, you would be amazed'.

2 'If they had electric lights, these operations would be easier and safer'.

3 'If I were a superhero, I'd want electrical power in my fingers'.

 

Exercise 3

1 d If we used our cars less, the air would be cleaner.

2 a If everybody took showers instead of baths, they'd use less water.

3 c Some islands would be underwater if sea levels rose.

4 I’d walk to school if I lived closer.

5 b If shoppers paid for plastic bags, they'd reuse them more.

 

Exercise 4

1 would be

2 did

3 built

4 would be

5 would cycle

6 didn't think

7 travelled

8 wouldn't be

9 used

10 would improve

 

Exercise 6

1 What would you do if you could have any job in the world?

2 If you saw a ghost, what would you do?

3 What would you do if you found an expensive watch in the street?

4 If you didn't have to go to school, what would you do?

5 What would you do if you won a million dollars?

6 If you saw your friend stealing from a shop, what would you do?

 

8C Culture, Rubbish, page 76

Exercise 2

The family is proud because it has taken them a year to flit their dustbin.

 

Exercise 3

1 It’s difficult to put the lid on because the bin is so full.

2 They stopped using plastic bags because they cause pollution and harm sea creatures.

3 They take their own bags so they won't have to use plastic bags.

4 They buy it because they can recycle the aluminium.

5 She buys one big packet a week so that she won't waste as mudipiastic.

6 They have a website so that other people can read it and reduce their waste too.

 

Exercise 4

1 cause

2 harm

3 reuse

4 recycle

5 eat

6 make

7 reduce

8 make

 

Exercise 5

1 e 

2 a 

3 d 

4 b

 

Exercise 6

In my view (Ava)

The way I see St... (Charlotte)

Other phrases used:

I think... (Ava)

If you ask me,... (James)

To be honest (Charlotte)

The thing is (Archie)

 

8D Grammar, I wish..., page 77

Exercise 1

1 Yes, she lives near a factory. No, she isn't happy about it.

2 No, he doesn't know anybody at the party. No, he isn't happy about it.

 

Exercise 2

past (tense)

 

Exercise 3

2 were 

3 didn't have to 

4 could 

5 had 

6 lived 

7 could 

8 were

 

Exercise 4

a 4 could find

3 weren't

2 had

d 1 were

 

Exercise 5

2 I wish I had 

З I wish I were 

4 I wish I spoke / could speak 

5 I wish I played / could play 

6 I wish I were 

7 I wish I lived

8 I wish I didn't have

 

8Е Reading, A real danger?, page 78

Exercise 2

c

 

Exercise 3

A 2

B -

C 4

D 1

E 3

 

Exercise 4

1 F:Our solar system contains millions of asteroids.

2 T

3 F: If an asteroid la landed in the ocean, there would be a giant tsunami.

4 T

5 F: The huge asteroid landed in Mexico.

6 T

7 Т

 

Exercise 5

1 die 

2 failed 

3 collide 

4 destroyed 

5 exploded

 

8F Everyday English, Stimulus discussion, page 80

Exercise 2

Photo 1: 

a get fit 

d sponsor a runner 

f take part in a sponsored run

Photo 2: 

Ь dress up as an animal 

c wave at passers-by 

e collect money

 

Exercise 3

Peter gives four reasons: 

1 It would raise more money.

2 Lots of people take part.

3 Lots of people know about it.

4 There's a connection between the event and its aim.

 

Exercise 4

A I'd choose ... ;

B I'm rejecting...because...;

C The main reason for this is that...;

D There's also the fact that...

 

Exercise 5

2 The first method would be good for everybody's health.

3 The second method would be easy to organize.

4 A sponsored run would need a lot of space.

5 Dressing up as animals would make young children happy.

6 Dressing up as an animal would be embarrassing.

 

8G Writing, An essay summary, page 81

Exercise 3

1st problem: homeless people - 1 solution 

2nd problem: air pollution - 2 solutions 

3rd problem: litter - 2 solutions

 

Exercise 4

a 2 

Ь 2 

c 2, З 

d З

e 1

 

Exercise 5

Amy uses phrases 4,5,6, and 8.

 

Exercise 6

1 We should do something about unemployment.

2 I would try to reduce traffic.

3 Let's make it easier for people to use public transport.

4 I'd pass a law against noisy motorbikes.

5 We should force people to use buses.

6 We should try to improve the facilities here.

 

Language Review 7-8, page 82

Exercise 1 

1 finger 

shoulders 

eye 

4 head 

hand 

mouth 

 

Exercise 2 

1 Twelfth Night 

2 Valentine's Day 

3 Easter 

4 Halloween 

5 All Saints' Day 

6 Christmas

 

Exercise 3

1 must 

2 needn't 

3 needn't 

4 mustn't 

5 must 

6 needn't

 

Exercise 4

1 don't invite, 'It be 

2 won't fail, work 

3 rains, 'll go

4 sees, won't be 

5 won't win, don't start 

6 pass, 'll study

 

Exercise 5

1 Can 

2 in 

3 do 

4 else 

5 should 

6 much

 

Exercise 6

1 disease 

2 tornado 

3 drought 

4 tsunami

5 avalanche 

6 hurricane

 

Exercise 7

1 c 

2 d 

3 b 

4 a 

5 f 

6 e

 

Exercise 8

1 'd learn 

2 'd play 

3 were 

4 found 

5 lived 

6 would die 

 

Exercise 9

1 wasn't 

2 had 

3 spoke 

4 grew 

5 didn't have 

6 were

 

Exercise 10

1 d 

2 a 

3 f 

4 b 

5 c 

6 e

 

Skills Round-up 1-8, page 83

Exercise 2 

In 1985, there was a terrible famine in Sudan. In 1988, Comic Relief started selling plastic red noses. In 1997, BBC supported Comic Relief with Red Nose Day. Red Nose Day raised £27 million for charity that day. Comic Relief has raised more than £600 million for charity.

 

Exercise 3

1

2 a 

3 b 

4 d

 

Exercise 4

a Dani 

b Jack 

c Anna

 

Exercise 5

1 T

2 F: Anna isn't sure about a sponsored run.

3 F: Dani thinks quizzes are boring.

4 T

5 T

6 F: It's in two weeks' time.

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